Who Does Universal Precautions Protect?

What PPE is used for standard precautions?

Standard precautions consist of the following practices: hand hygiene before and after all patient contact.

the use of personal protective equipment, which may include gloves, impermeable gowns, plastic aprons, masks, face shields and eye protection.

the safe use and disposal of sharps..

How do you prevent contact transmission?

How to prevent disease transmissionwash your hands or use hand sanitizer before handling food and after shaking hands.always wash with soap and water if your hands are visibly soiled.try to minimize touching your mouth or nose with your hands.avoid sick people, if possible.More items…

What are contact precautions?

Contact Precautions refer to infection prevention and control interventions to be used in addition to Routine Practices and are intended to prevent transmission of infectious agents, including epidemiologically important microorganisms, which are spread by direct or indirect contact.

What is the difference between universal and standard precautions?

“Universal precautions are mandated for home health agencies but the type of pathogens that exist today require standard precautions that protect staff and patients against more threats of infection than universal precautions,” says Barbara B.

Why is standard precautions important?

Standard precautions are meant to reduce the risk of transmission of bloodborne and other pathogens from both recognized and unrecognized sources. They are the basic level of infection control precautions which are to be used, as a minimum, in the care of all patients.

What are the 5 basic principles of infection control?

Introduction.The general principles of infection prevention and control.Hand hygiene.Using personal protective equipment.Safe handling and disposal of sharps.Safe handling and disposal of chemical waste.Managing blood and bodily fluids.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

How do you break the chain of infection?

Break the chain by cleaning your hands frequently, staying up to date on your vaccines (including the flu shot), covering coughs and sneezes and staying home when sick, following the rules for standard and contact isolation, using personal protective equipment the right way, cleaning and disinfecting the environment, …

What are 3 types of isolation precautions?

There are three categories of Transmission-Based Precautions: Contact Precautions, Droplet Precautions, and Airborne Precautions.

What are universal precautions and why are they important?

Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens. In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4).

What are the 5 moments of hand hygiene?

My 5 Moments for Hand Hygienebefore touching a patient,before clean/aseptic procedures,after body fluid exposure/risk,after touching a patient, and.after touching patient surroundings.

Who does standard precautions protect?

Standard precautions are a set of infection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can be acquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes.

What are universal precautions used for?

Use Universal Precautions. Universal precautions is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens, (Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030(b) definitions).

What are the five universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

Who needs contact precautions?

Contact precautions are required to protect against either direct or indirect transmission. Contact precautions are indicated for persons with gastrointestinal (diarrheal) illness, and incontinent persons including those who use incontinent products.