What Are Universal Precautions And Why Are They Important?

Who does universal precautions protect?

Universal precautions are intended to prevent parenteral, mucous membrane, and nonintact skin exposures of health-care workers to bloodborne pathogens.

In addition, immunization with HBV vaccine is recommended as an important adjunct to universal precautions for health-care workers who have exposures to blood (3,4)..

What are the five universal precautions?

5 Steps of Universal PrecautionsEducation.Hand washing.Use of protective barriers (Personal Protective Equipment (PPE))Cleaning of contaminated surfaces.Safe handling/disposal of contaminated material.

What are universal precautions for bloodborne pathogens?

Universal precautions include vigorously washing hands before and after exposure to blood and other body fluids. Healthcare providers should also always wear gloves, masks, goggles, other personal protective equipment (PPE) and use work practice controls to limit exposure to potential bloodborne pathogens.

What is the first step in an emergency?

The first step in any emergency is the recognition of the problem and providing help. When in doubt or when someone is seriously injured or ill, you should always activate the emergency response system by calling 911 in the United States, or your own locality’s Emergency Medical Services (EMS) number.

What is the importance of universal precautions?

That’s why it is so important to use and stick to universal precautions. This approach helps to control infection and treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious with different diseases. Safety is never enough — especially in healthcare.

What is universal precautions vs standard precautions?

In 1996, the CDC expanded the concept and changed the term to standard precautions, which integrated and expanded the elements of universal precautions to include contact with all body fluids (except sweat), regardless of whether blood is present.

What are the 10 standard precautions?

Standard PrecautionsHand hygiene.Use of personal protective equipment (e.g., gloves, masks, eyewear).Respiratory hygiene / cough etiquette.Sharps safety (engineering and work practice controls).Safe injection practices (i.e., aseptic technique for parenteral medications).Sterile instruments and devices.More items…

What are the universal precautions?

Universal precautions is an approach to infection control to treat all human blood and certain human body fluids as if they were known to be infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens, (Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR 1910.1030(b) definitions).

What are 3 universal precautions you should take when performing first aid?

THE BASIC RULES OF UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Universal Precautions apply to tissues, blood, and other body fluids containing visible blood. Approach ALL blood, body fluids, and tissues as if they are HIV or HBV contaminated. Approach ALL needles and sharps as if they have been contaminated with HIV or HBV.